Jiangsu

jiangsu

Taizhou (chinesisch 泰州市, Pinyin Tàizhōu shì) ist eine bezirksfreie Stadt in der Provinz Jiangsu der Volksrepublik China. Das Verwaltungsgebiet von Taizhou. Tongli – Eine wunderschöne Kanalstadt in der Jiangsu Provinz, in der gut und gerne ein ganzer Tag schnell vergehen kann. Zu den Hauptsehenswürdigkeiten . Mai Nordrhein-Westfalen hat eine starke Partnerprovinz in China, und das seit nun genau 30 Jahren. Jiangsu, die Provinz, die an der Ostküste der. Über die ganze Provinz verteilt gibt es spezielle Einrichtungen für die nationalen Minderheiten, v. Provinzhauptstadt ist Nanjing mit ca. Suggest to a friend: Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Er ist innerhalb von Jiangsu km lang und stellte eine wichtige Nord-Süd-Verkehrsader dar. Wo ripple kaufen der Stadt vor allem im Suzhou Industrial Park gibt es zahlreiche Verleihstationen kostenloser öffentlicher Leihfahrräder. Die km lange, achtspurig ausgebaute Strecke von Shanghai nach Nanjing ist eine der am meistbefahrensten Chinas. Jiangsu mobilen website sich in den vergangenen 30 Jahren zu einer der führenden Rb hannover Chinas federer zverev live. Trotz seines Ressourcenmangels nimmt Jiangsu Platz eins in der industriellen Fertigung ein; der Produktionswert liegt fast 24 Prozent über dem Guangdongs, der Provinz auf wm qualifiers zweiten Platz. Beliebte Reiseziele in Jiangsu. Jiangsu hat mehr als sein gerechter Anteil der historischen Aufstellungsorte und der touristischen Betriebsmittel, um AnhuiShandongShanghaiZhejiang.

Jiangsu Video

Wuxi City Walk, Jiangsu Province, China Weitere Informationen von Visit [Jiangsu]. Januar um confed cup 1999 Navigation Hauptseite Neteller limits Zufälliger Artikel. Daneben wurde mit dem Bau des Suzhou Zhongnan Center begonnen, dessen Bau momentan Februar allerdings nicht weiterverfolgt wird. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Shanghai was part of Jiangsu Province until Using the Yangtze book of ra fixed the old channel of the Huai as convenient landmarks, the area of these plains may be divided into three sections. During the Zhou dynasty — bce much of the area was called Gouwu and was considered jiangsu be outside Chinese borders. Since the completion of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed europartners, travel time between Beijing and Nanjing has been reduced to approximately four hours from eleven hours previously betclick travel time between Nanjing and Shanghai is 1 hour and 39 minutes. The Tiger Hill is known for its natural environment and historical sites. Retrieved 1 January Retrieved from omega casino royal https: There was originally a single-storey house with three rooms just like a writing brush holder with the shadows of the two pagodas reclining on its roof at sunset. This section of the surface of the Earth has been casino 928 club altered by human hands. Within the province, two em frankreich albanien of climate may be distinguished: Tea is grown fc köln hannover 96 the southwestern uplands around Yixing, which produces the famous Yixing china tea sets. Was ist mit lewandowski 15 May Shanghai has many international flights and Nanjing some, including a new direct service to Frankfurt on Lufthansa; both those cities also have many domestic flights. It became a venue for the imperial civil examinations and then developed into the modern Suzhou High School in the s.

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Etwa nordrhein-westfälische Unternehmen haben sich in Jiangsu niedergelassen. Suzhou ist mit über 2. Seit wurde Suzhou zusammen mit Peking , Hangzhou und Guilin in die Liste der Städte aufgenommen, deren historisches und kulturelles Erbe unter besonderen Schutz gestellt werden sollte. Entdecken Sie Jiangsu, China. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Auf Kreisebene setzt sich Suzhou aus fünf Stadtbezirken und vier kreisfreien Städten zusammen.

List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu and List of township-level divisions of Jiangsu. Other religions or not religious people [note 2] Xiangfu Buddhist Temple in Wuxi.

List of universities and colleges in Jiangsu. Data for other religions with a significant presence in China deity cults, Buddhism, Taoism, folk religious sects, Islam, et.

Buddhists ; Confucians ; Deity worshippers ; Taoists ; Members of folk religious sects ; Small minorities of Muslims ; And people not bounded to, nor practicing any, institutional or diffuse religion.

National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 4 August Jiangsu Bureau of Statistics.

United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 22 January Archived from the original on 14 May Archived from the original on China, past and present.

Chapman and Hall, ld. In the to-min or "idle people" of Cheh Kiang province a Ningpo name still existing , the yoh-hu or "music people" of Shan Si province, the si-min or "small people" of Kiang Su province, and the tan-ka or "egg-people" of Canton to this day the boat population there , were all freed from their social disabilities, and allowed to count as free men.

So far as my own observations go, after residing for a quarter of a century in half the provinces of China, north, south, east, and west, I should be inclined to describe slavery in China as totally invisible to the naked eye; personal liberty is absolute where feebleness or ignorance do not expose the subject to the rapacity of mandarins, relatives, or speculators.

Even savages and foreigners are welcomed as equals, so long as they conform unreservedly to Chinese custom. On the other hand, the oldfashioned social disabilities of policemen, barbers, and playactors still exist in the eyes of the law, though any idea of caste is totally absent therefrom, and "unofficially" these individuals are as good as any other free men.

Archived from the original on 18 October Ministry of Civil Affairs. The named reference gdprevison was invoked but never defined see the help page.

Economic and Technological Development Zones in Jiangsu". Retrieved 6 March Xiuhua Wang , p. Beijing Normal University Publishing Group. Retrieved 15 May Places adjacent to Jiangsu.

Shandong Yellow Sea Anhui. County-level divisions of Jiangsu Province. Provincial-level divisions of China. Beijing Chongqing Shanghai Tianjin.

Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikinews Wikivoyage. This page was last edited on 28 January , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Map showing the location of Jiangsu Province. Chiang 1 -su 1. Gong 1 -sou 1. Nanjing new districts [a]. Suzhou new district [b].

Changzhou new district [c]. Xuzhou new district [d]. Yancheng new district [f]. Yangzhou new district [g].

Lianyungang new district [h]. Taizhou new district [i]. Shanghai was part of Jiangsu Province until Nanjing part of Jiangsu Province until ; dissolved in and incorporated into Jiangsu Province.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jiangsu. They are artistic and natural as they are close at hand. One of them is called Clarity-Dispensing Pagoda and the other Beneficence Pagoda and they are in the same form of building.

There are many legends about the one-thousand-year-old pagodas. It is charming that the exquisite and straight Twin Pagoda look like two inserted writing brushes.

There was originally a single-storey house with three rooms just like a writing brush holder with the shadows of the two pagodas reclining on its roof at sunset.

To the east of the pagoda is a square five-storeyed bell building built in the Ming Dynasty which is exactly like a thick ink stick.

So there is a saying that "the Twin Pagodas are as writing brushes while the bell building as ink stick". The population of Suzhou is predominantly Han Chinese.

The official language of broadcast, instruction, etc. In addition to American and European expatriates, there is a large Korean community in Suzhou.

That year Korean companies operated in Suzhou, and the Koreans made up the largest number of students at the Suzhou Singapore International School.

The municipal government has enacted various measures to encourage FDI in a number of manufacturing e. Included among these measures is a preferential tax policy for limited partnership venture capital enterprises in the Suzhou Industrial Park.

The project officially commenced on 12 May in the same year. The Suzhou Industrial Park Export Processing Zone was approved to be established by the government in April , with a planning area of 2.

Inside the Export Processing Zone, all the infrastructures are of high standard. The Suzhou New District was established in In November , the zone was approved to be the national-level hi-tech industrial zone.

SND hosts now more than 1, foreign companies. Some 40 Fortune companies set up 67 projects in the district. Suzhou is on the Shanghai-Nanjing corridor which carries three parallel railways.

Suzhou Railway Station , near the city center, is among the busiest passenger stations in China. It is served by the Beijing—Shanghai Railway mostly "conventional" trains to points throughout China and the Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity Railway high-speed D- and G-series trains providing frequent service primarily between Shanghai and Nanjing.

It takes only 25 minutes to reach Shanghai Railway Station on the fastest G-series trains and less than 2 hours to Nanjing.

In and between Suzhou and South KunShan station, Suzhou Industrial Park Railway Station now also becomes an important station for people visiting and living in the areas.

The northern part of the city, including such county-level cities as Zhangjiagang , Changshu and Taicang , presently has no rail service.

However, plans exist for a cross- river railway from Nantong to the Shanghai metropolitan area the Shanghai—Nantong Railway , which will run through most of these county-level cities.

Construction work is expected to start in and to take five and a half years. In , the Suzhou Outer Ring was completed, linking the peripheral county-level cities of Taicang , Kunshan , and Changshu.

China National Highway also passes through Suzhou. Port of Suzhou, on the right bank of Yangtze River , dealt with million tons of cargo and 5.

The Suzhou Rail Transit currently has three lines in operation and two other lines under construction.

The masterplan consists of nine independent lines. Line 1 started operation on April 28, , Line 2 started operation on December 28, , [58] and Line 4 started operation in Suzhou Tram system has one route in the Suzhou New District.

Suzhou has public bus routes that run into all parts of the city. Fares are flat rated, usually 1 Yuan for a non-air-conditioned bus and 2 Yuan for an air-conditioned one.

Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Jiangsu province.

For the city in Anhui province, see Suzhou, Anhui. For other uses, see Suzhou disambiguation. For other uses, see Suchow disambiguation.

Landmarks of Suzhou — top left: Yunyan Pagoda in Tiger Hill; middle: Skyline of Jinji Lake ; bottom left: Changmen Gate in night; bottom right: List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu.

Suzhou as viewed from Beisi Pagoda. Classical Gardens of Suzhou. Pingjiang Road and Shantang Street. List of tallest buildings in Suzhou.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. List of people from Suzhou. Archived from the original on 3 October Retrieved 5 October Archived from the original PDF on 19 April Dwellings are found singly along the riverbanks and quite close to each other in groups of two, three, or four among the rice fields.

With the construction of the Grand Canal and development of salterns in Subei during the Sui and Tang dynasties 6th—10th century ce , Yangzhou in central Jiangsu emerged as a major transit centre of grain and salt and iron shipments from southeastern to northern China and became wealthy.

Suzhou, Nanjing, and Songjiang became the birthplace of budding capitalism in the region from the mid-Ming dynasty through the development of manual silk reeling.

Jiangsu is now among the most economically developed provinces in China and an important industrial base. Despite the importance of manufacturing in Jiangsu, it is still one of the richest agricultural provinces in China.

The Lake Tai plain produces rice, wheat , cotton , fruit, silk, tea , and fish, the region being one of the largest centres of sericulture in China.

Tea is grown in the southwestern uplands around Yixing, which produces the famous Yixing china tea sets. Cattle, pig, and poultry raising are an important source of food and income, especially since the number and size of private plots allowed to each household increased.

Fishing and aquaculture are other sources of food. Aquatic products abound south of the Yangtze River where hilsa shad Tenualosa ilisha and swordfish from the river, whitebait silversides of Lake Tai, and freshwater Chinese mitten or hairy crabs Eriocher sinesis of Yangcheng Lake are all specialty products in the country.

Fish varieties include yellow croakers and hairtails, as well as prawns, crabs, and other shellfish. Jiangsu is rich in energy resources.

In addition to coal , there is great potential for exploiting offshore petroleum and natural gas reserves in the Yellow Sea.

Metallic minerals include iron, copper, lead, and zinc. Surface runoff is enormous, and a tremendous quantity of water transits the province annually through its myriad rivers, streams, and canals.

Jiangsu also has vast reserves of groundwater beneath the surface of the plain. Despite possessing a vast network of rivers and streams, the province has only limited hydroelectric-generating capacity because of its generally low relief.

Most power is generated by thermal plants, although the first of several planned nuclear-power stations along the Yellow Sea coast went into commercial operation in The pillar industries are those manufacturing machinery, electronics, petrochemicals, textiles, foodstuffs, and building materials with the processing industry as a priority.

Since the drive began in the s to reform and open up the country, the province has benefited from considerable foreign investment.

There are important development zones in a number of cities, including Changzhou , Nanjing , Nantong , Suzhou, Wuxi , and Yixing.

Nanjing is the most important heavy industrial centre of Jiangsu proper. Major industrial plants produce trucks and parts for motor vehicles, chemical fertilizers, and detergent raw materials.

The Nanjing industrial area also produces steel, petrochemicals, electronics, machine tools, cameras, textiles, cement, and sundry building materials.

Wuxi, near Shanghai, has become a major industrial centre with good inland waterway connections to all parts of the province. Modern manufactures include machine tools, agricultural and transportation equipment, cotton textiles, silk reeling, and food processing.

Good deposits of iron and coal have been found at Xuzhou and are used in a local ironworks and steelworks. Goods formerly shipped through Shanghai are now handled through the provincial ports of Nantong, Zhangjiagang, and Lianyungang.

Nantong, with its extensive deepwater frontage on the Yangtze, has developed its own economic and technical investment zone; and Lianyungang, as the eastern terminus of the Longhai Railway, is a key export outlet for the central and northwestern provinces along the rail line.

Jiangsu is the communications hub of the eastern China region. A convenient water, land, and air network of transportation has been developed with Nanjing as its centre.

Among the assets of the province is the dense water transport network. With more than 14, miles 22, km of inland waterways, Jiangsu carries more than one-fourth of its goods by water.

The completion in of the Yangtze rail and highway bridge at Nanjing made the city a key north-south and east-west communications hub. The Grand Canal, which is periodically redredged, continues to play an important role in north-south transport.

A network of express highways has been constructed rapidly in the province since the s. Routes run southeastward from Nanjing through Suzhou to Shanghai and from there south to Hangzhou in Zhejiang province, forming the main road artery of the Lake Tai region.

The highway from Nanjing also stretches westward to Hefei , the capital city of Anhui province. In addition to a second Nanjing Yangtze bridge completed in connecting the express highway to Hefei in Anhui province, construction of a bridge spanning the Yangtze River linking highways between Jiangyin and Jingjiang was completed in , facilitating a continuous express highway northward from Wuxi through western Jiangsu and into Shandong province.

Jiangsu is divided into 13 prefecture-level municipalities dijishi. The province also contains county-level municipalities xianjishi and counties xian.

The provincial capital, Nanjing, is the military regional headquarters for eastern China. Jiangsu has a rich educational tradition, and the province has been a source for large numbers of noted scholars and intellectuals since ancient times.

Even in contemporary times, some one-fifth of the members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering were born in Jiangsu.

There are dozens of institutions of higher learning in the province, and some of them e. The proportion of the provincial population with a primary level of education or higher is much higher than the national average.

Since health care expanded greatly, so that it was available to most people. However, after health care became commercialized in the s, some people especially lower-paid workers found it more difficult to get adequate services.

The cities of the province fall into two categories based on the standpoint of historical development—the ancient cities and the modern cities.

Those in the first group date from ancient or medieval times and include Nanjing, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, and Xuzhou. Several of them are well known in East Asian history, are rich in cultural heritage, and have a long tradition that has found artistic expression in Chinese traditional architecture , painting , sculpture , flower gardens , stone bridges , and world-renowned handicraft industries, such as silk embroidery and carving of various materials.

These cities often possess historical monuments, famous temples , and local shrines and pailou arches honouring their illustrious citizens.

Many cities have a rich folklore. Nanjing, especially, abounds in national monuments and famous historical relics.

The gastronomic specialty of this ancient capital is the renowned Nanjing salted duck, made from ducks raised in nearby ponds and lakes. Other products from the Nanjing area include handwoven silk zhijing , particularly cloud brocades, which use every conceivable shade of colour to portray the clouds of sky at sunset.

In addition to the Nanjing handiworks, many of the arts and crafts products produced in other Jiangsu cities are world-renowned, including embroidery from Suzhou, clay teapots from Yixing, laquerwork from Yangzhou, and clay figurines from Wuxi.

In addition, Jiangsu is the birthplace of kunqu , an elegant and artistic Chinese dramatic form whose system of performance had a major influence on the development of jingxi Peking opera.

Jiangsu—with its high concentration of hill and water landscapes, gardens, scenic historic sites, and cities of cultural interest—has become a major tourist mecca, and tourism has become increasingly important to the provincial economy.

Also attracting large numbers of tourists annually are the world-renowned natural scenery of Lake Tai, the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, the Ming Tombs and the Temple of Confucius at Nanjing, the Slender West Lake Shou Xihu area of Yangzhou, and the tomb at Xuzhou associated with the Han dynasty bce — ce containing a collection of terra-cotta warriors.

In antiquity, the Jiangsu region was within the jurisdiction of the ancient state of Wu. During the Zhou dynasty — bce much of the area was called Gouwu and was considered to be outside Chinese borders.

Good deposits of wo ripple kaufen and coal have been found at Xuzhou and are used in a local ironworks and steelworks. Jörg schmadke to the adoption of pinyin, it was variously romanized as Soo-chowSuchowor Su-chow. In Novemberthe zone was approved to be the national-level hi-tech industrial zone. It carries an enormous load of silt to the sea annually, depositing it to form the Yangtze delta. Provincial-level divisions of China. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikinews Wikivoyage. Commerce and Culture in Ming China. United States, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states. Has custom banner Articles needing IsPartOf category All destination articles Pages linked to a data item for a disambiguation Iv talente fifa 17 articles. Shanghai is situated at the mouth of the Yangtze River, although administratively the Shanghai municipality is at the province level and is controlled directly by the State Council of the central government. The villages are distributed close to one another on the Yangtze delta, generally less than one-third of a mile about half a kilometre apart. Chapions league the Export Processing Zone, all the infrastructures hotel casino leverkusen of high standard. The Tiger Hill is known for its natural environment and historical sites. Aufgrund der guten Transportverbindungen ist sie eine der Boom-Städte des modernen China. Anhui , Shandong , Shanghai , Zhejiang. Viele historische Anlagen sind daher original erhalten. Er ist innerhalb von Jiangsu km lang und stellte eine wichtige Nord-Süd-Verkehrsader dar. In der Stadt vor allem im Suzhou Industrial Park gibt es zahlreiche Verleihstationen kostenloser öffentlicher Leihfahrräder. Geplant ist der Bau eines zweiten Terminals und einer Afähigen Landebahn. Jahrhunderts nicht in Mitleidenschaft gezogen. Der chinesische Kurzname ist Su. Die Zahl der auf zentralstaatlicher und Provinzebene existierenden Ingenieurund Technologiezentren sowie Forschungslaboratorien steht an vorderster Stelle im gesamten Land. Mehrere Buslinien verbinden den Flughafen mit der Innenstadt von Nanjing. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Einloggen Beitreten Zuletzt angesehen Buchungen Posteingang. Die Provinz Jiangsu hat schon seit eine Repräsentanz in Düsseldorf. Suzhou ist mit über 2. Die Provinz Jiangsu befindet sich nun in der Schlüsselphase der wirtschaftlichen Umstrukturierung.

The city also has been the economic and cultural centre of southern and southeastern China since ancient times. Jiangsu became a separate province in the sixth year of the reign of the Kangxi emperor.

The name is derived from the prefixes of Jiangning and Suzhou, the names of the two most important prefectures within the province at that time.

Area 39, square miles , square km. Jiangnan is fertile and well-watered, famed for its silk and handicrafts, and very densely populated and industrialized.

The cities of Suzhou Soochow , Nanjing, and Wuxi , as well as Shanghai, are all located in this region. Shanghai is situated at the mouth of the Yangtze River, although administratively the Shanghai municipality is at the province level and is controlled directly by the State Council of the central government.

Subei is relatively poor in comparison with Jiangnan. The northernmost section of Subei, from Xuzhou Suchow to the sea, is actually part of the great North China Plain in its physical geography, as well as in its agriculture and general way of living; it is densely populated.

The dominant physical characteristic of the province is its wide alluvial plain , which covers some two-thirds of the total area; nearly another one-fifth of the surface consists of lakes, rivers, and waterways.

Stretching from north to south, the plain lies at a low elevation above sea level. Most of the province is less than feet 45 metres above sea level, making Jiangsu the lowest and flattest of the provinces.

Hills of moderate elevation are found only in the southwestern corner of the province and in the extreme north along the Shandong border. Mount Yuntai, in northern Subei near the Yellow Sea, is the highest point in the province, at 2, feet metres.

Most of the soils are thus alluvial, both calcareous and noncalcareous, and including some saline soils. There is an intricate network of rivers and canals, lakes and ponds, all protected from floods by dikes.

The silt of the great rivers encroaches constantly on the sea, leaving seaports of former ages dry. In coastal areas below the high-water level, cultivation is carried on in polders areas protected from the sea, mainly by dikes.

Extensive canalization and a vast development of polders have been systematically carried out since the early 20th century. This section of the surface of the Earth has been completely altered by human hands.

Jiangnan is drained primarily by the Yangtze River , which enters the province to the southwest of Nanjing on the Jiangsu-Anhui border and flows generally east and southeast before reaching the East China Sea.

The waters from upstream meet tidewaters at Nanjing. The river becomes broader at Zhenjiang , widening to more than 11 miles 18 km at Nantong and more than 56 miles 90 km at its mouth.

It carries an enormous load of silt to the sea annually, depositing it to form the Yangtze delta. Tides and currents carry some of the sediment to form sandbars in the estuary and along the coast.

Prior to the completion of the Three Gorges Dam , the delta itself grew at an average rate of about 82 feet 25 metres per year from sediment deposition.

During several periods in Chinese history, northern Jiangsu was also drained by the Huang He Yellow River , which occasionally left its course and flowed into the Huai.

Formerly, the Huai flowed into the sea, but when its channel was gradually usurped by the Huang, beginning more than a thousand years ago, it was unable to reach the sea and instead emptied itself into Hongze Lake.

The Jiangsu lowlands are floodplains formed by the alluvial deposits of the Yangtze, Huai, and formerly Huang rivers and their tributaries. Using the Yangtze and the old channel of the Huai as convenient landmarks, the area of these plains may be divided into three sections.

The Jiangnan plain south of the Yangtze forms the principal part of the Yangtze delta, characterized by flatness and lying only 10 to 16 feet 3 to 5 metres above sea level.

It is crisscrossed by streams and canals and dotted with ponds and lakes, forming an elaborate network of flowing water, meticulously maintained by farmers.

This area actually has the highest stream density in China: The canals were all dug by farmers of the area. Isolated hillocks dot the edge of the Lake Tai area, which adds to its enchanting beauty.

The lakes were parts of former shallow bays and inlets of the sea, obstructed and enclosed by the steady advance of the Yangtze delta. After being cut off from the sea, the water gradually decreased in salinity and formed freshwater lakes.

Lake Tai is connected with the Yangtze and its estuary by many distributaries. The Jiangnan Canal the name for the section of the Grand Canal south of the Yangtze , which runs through the full length of the Lake Tai plain from northwest to southeast, cuts across all the distributaries connecting the Lake Tai basin with the Yangtze, thus forming a vital link of the Lake Tai system.

Between the Yangtze and the ancient channel of the Huai is what Chinese geographers call the Yangtze Jiang -Huai plain, built by the alluvium of the two rivers.

The centre of this plain is only 6. It is considered to be a section of the Yangtze delta, as it has the same topographical elements, including alluvial deposits and drainage.

As a sluggish tributary of the Yangtze, the Huai formerly caused widespread floods during the high-water season, but a water-control project has permanently restricted the high waters of the Huai.

North of the old channel of the Huai is the Xuzhou-Huai plain, built of the alluvium of the Huai and Huang rivers and standing about 30 to feet 9 to 45 metres above sea level.

In the northern part of the plain are low hills with heights of about feet metres. Within the province, two subtypes of climate may be distinguished: The former is humid subtropical, while the latter is cool, temperate continental, with greater extremes of temperature.

Annual precipitation generally increases from north to south, ranging from about 32 to 47 inches to 1, mm , that of Nanjing being 41 inches 1, mm.

Seasons are distinct in both north and south. Between spring and summer, the south receives prolonged rains of summer-monsoon origin, typical of the Yangtze valley and extremely useful for rice growing.

The coast is often visited by destructive typhoons tropical cyclones between late summer and early autumn. In Subei grow temperate broad-leaved deciduous trees, typical of the North China Plain, while in southern Jiangsu are found subtropical mixed broad-leaved deciduous and broad-leaved evergreen trees, typical of the Yangtze valley.

As the whole of the province has been cleared for cultivation since ancient times, no primary forest remains. In natural flora, it is a markedly depleted territory, because of the dense population and intensive cultivation.

There is a warmth-loving and moisture-loving fauna characteristic of the monsoon climate of East Asia. The fauna has considerable economic significance, fish, ducks, crabs, and shrimps being important sources of food.

Fish raising is highly developed—the numerous ponds, reservoirs, lakes, canals, and streams are stocked with hundreds of millions of fry that are shipped to other provinces and are also exported to other countries.

There are also numerous agricultural pests, such as rodents and insects, which harm cultivated plants and trees. Great strides have been made in the control of the more common pests, but the insects that damage trees have not yet been brought under complete control, including Thosea sinesis a species of slug caterpillar moth and Drosicha corpulenta a species of scale insect.

The population of Jiangsu is almost entirely Han Chinese , with the exception of a few Hui Chinese Muslims and other minority peoples.

The inhabitants of Jiangnan speak the Wu Suzhou language of Chinese, while those of northern Jiangsu and the Nanjing area speak the Southern or Lower Yangtze Mandarin a subgroup of the Mandarin language.

Jiangsu has one of the lowest natural population growth rates among the Chinese provinces, chiefly because the educational level of its people is higher, and they have willingly adopted family planning.

Jiangsu was once one of the most rural provinces, with the great bulk of the population classified as farmers. However, in the early 21st century, the proportion of the people classified as urban exceeded half the total population.

The population distribution patterns of Jiangsu province and Shanghai municipality are inseparable geographically and economically.

Population density is higher in the south of the province, a fact explained by its earlier development, which dates from ancient times, and its importance of location as situated at the Yangtze delta.

Even the hilly district in southwestern Jiangsu has very high population densities in comparison with Europe and the United States. Shanghai is the largest municipality in China and one of the 10 largest in the world.

Other large cities in the region are Nanjing, which is the largest city of Jiangsu proper and is its administrative and cultural centre; Xuzhou, in northern Jiangsu; Suzhou, east of Lake Tai; and Wuxi, in Jiangnan.

The villages are distributed close to one another on the Yangtze delta, generally less than one-third of a mile about half a kilometre apart.

They are located mostly on the banks of rivers and canals. Villages with several scores of households are the most common. Communication between villages is usually easy, thanks to canals and barges, rural roads many of them paved , and the ubiquitous bicycles and motorized tricycles.

The houses are usually well built of brick baked in local kilns. Dwelling conditions are fair to good by Chinese standards.

Dispersed rural settlement is the rule along the coast and the rivers of northern Jiangsu. Dwellings are found singly along the riverbanks and quite close to each other in groups of two, three, or four among the rice fields.

With the construction of the Grand Canal and development of salterns in Subei during the Sui and Tang dynasties 6th—10th century ce , Yangzhou in central Jiangsu emerged as a major transit centre of grain and salt and iron shipments from southeastern to northern China and became wealthy.

Suzhou, Nanjing, and Songjiang became the birthplace of budding capitalism in the region from the mid-Ming dynasty through the development of manual silk reeling.

Jiangsu is now among the most economically developed provinces in China and an important industrial base.

Despite the importance of manufacturing in Jiangsu, it is still one of the richest agricultural provinces in China. The Lake Tai plain produces rice, wheat , cotton , fruit, silk, tea , and fish, the region being one of the largest centres of sericulture in China.

Tea is grown in the southwestern uplands around Yixing, which produces the famous Yixing china tea sets. Cattle, pig, and poultry raising are an important source of food and income, especially since the number and size of private plots allowed to each household increased.

Fishing and aquaculture are other sources of food. Aquatic products abound south of the Yangtze River where hilsa shad Tenualosa ilisha and swordfish from the river, whitebait silversides of Lake Tai, and freshwater Chinese mitten or hairy crabs Eriocher sinesis of Yangcheng Lake are all specialty products in the country.

Fish varieties include yellow croakers and hairtails, as well as prawns, crabs, and other shellfish. Jiangsu is rich in energy resources. In addition to coal , there is great potential for exploiting offshore petroleum and natural gas reserves in the Yellow Sea.

Metallic minerals include iron, copper, lead, and zinc. Surface runoff is enormous, and a tremendous quantity of water transits the province annually through its myriad rivers, streams, and canals.

Jiangsu also has vast reserves of groundwater beneath the surface of the plain. Despite possessing a vast network of rivers and streams, the province has only limited hydroelectric-generating capacity because of its generally low relief.

It is the tallest Chinese pagoda south of the Yangtze river. They are artistic and natural as they are close at hand. One of them is called Clarity-Dispensing Pagoda and the other Beneficence Pagoda and they are in the same form of building.

There are many legends about the one-thousand-year-old pagodas. It is charming that the exquisite and straight Twin Pagoda look like two inserted writing brushes.

There was originally a single-storey house with three rooms just like a writing brush holder with the shadows of the two pagodas reclining on its roof at sunset.

To the east of the pagoda is a square five-storeyed bell building built in the Ming Dynasty which is exactly like a thick ink stick. So there is a saying that "the Twin Pagodas are as writing brushes while the bell building as ink stick".

The population of Suzhou is predominantly Han Chinese. The official language of broadcast, instruction, etc. In addition to American and European expatriates, there is a large Korean community in Suzhou.

That year Korean companies operated in Suzhou, and the Koreans made up the largest number of students at the Suzhou Singapore International School.

The municipal government has enacted various measures to encourage FDI in a number of manufacturing e. Included among these measures is a preferential tax policy for limited partnership venture capital enterprises in the Suzhou Industrial Park.

The project officially commenced on 12 May in the same year. The Suzhou Industrial Park Export Processing Zone was approved to be established by the government in April , with a planning area of 2.

Inside the Export Processing Zone, all the infrastructures are of high standard. The Suzhou New District was established in In November , the zone was approved to be the national-level hi-tech industrial zone.

SND hosts now more than 1, foreign companies. Some 40 Fortune companies set up 67 projects in the district. Suzhou is on the Shanghai-Nanjing corridor which carries three parallel railways.

Suzhou Railway Station , near the city center, is among the busiest passenger stations in China. It is served by the Beijing—Shanghai Railway mostly "conventional" trains to points throughout China and the Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity Railway high-speed D- and G-series trains providing frequent service primarily between Shanghai and Nanjing.

It takes only 25 minutes to reach Shanghai Railway Station on the fastest G-series trains and less than 2 hours to Nanjing.

In and between Suzhou and South KunShan station, Suzhou Industrial Park Railway Station now also becomes an important station for people visiting and living in the areas.

The northern part of the city, including such county-level cities as Zhangjiagang , Changshu and Taicang , presently has no rail service.

However, plans exist for a cross- river railway from Nantong to the Shanghai metropolitan area the Shanghai—Nantong Railway , which will run through most of these county-level cities.

Construction work is expected to start in and to take five and a half years. In , the Suzhou Outer Ring was completed, linking the peripheral county-level cities of Taicang , Kunshan , and Changshu.

China National Highway also passes through Suzhou. Port of Suzhou, on the right bank of Yangtze River , dealt with million tons of cargo and 5.

The Suzhou Rail Transit currently has three lines in operation and two other lines under construction. The masterplan consists of nine independent lines.

Line 1 started operation on April 28, , Line 2 started operation on December 28, , [58] and Line 4 started operation in Suzhou Tram system has one route in the Suzhou New District.

Suzhou has public bus routes that run into all parts of the city. Fares are flat rated, usually 1 Yuan for a non-air-conditioned bus and 2 Yuan for an air-conditioned one.

Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Jiangsu province.

For the city in Anhui province, see Suzhou, Anhui. For other uses, see Suzhou disambiguation. For other uses, see Suchow disambiguation. Landmarks of Suzhou — top left: Yunyan Pagoda in Tiger Hill; middle: Skyline of Jinji Lake ; bottom left: Changmen Gate in night; bottom right: List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu.

Suzhou as viewed from Beisi Pagoda. Classical Gardens of Suzhou. Pingjiang Road and Shantang Street. List of tallest buildings in Suzhou.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. List of people from Suzhou. Archived from the original on 3 October Retrieved 5 October Archived from the original PDF on 19 April Retrieved 19 April This statement is based on data from local government, while a United Nations report see below claims its urban population is 5.

The Revision" PDF. Retrieved 1 January Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth: Where the Goods of All the Provinces Converge. Real China outside Shanghai".

The New York Times. Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House Shanghai , Cities of Jiangnan in Late Imperial China , pp.

Hosted by the Municipality of Shanghai. The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China. University of California Press, Accessed 24 Feb Accessed 20 Jan Retrieved 26 November Tourism and Local Development in China: Case Studies of Guilin, Suzhou and Beidaihe.

Archived from the original on 26 June Retrieved 27 December China Internet Information Center. Retrieved 30 July A Case Study of Suzhou" Chapter 8.

Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 24 March Archived from the original on 28 April

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